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Children and Adults Differ in their Strategies for Social Learning

2015

Conference Paper

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Adults and children rely heavily on other people’s testimony. However, domains of knowledge where there is no consensus on the truth are likely to result in conflicting testimonies. Previous research has demonstrated that in these cases, learners look towards the majority opinion to make decisions. However, it remains unclear how learners evaluate social information, given that considering either the overall valence, or the number of testimonies, or both may lead to different conclusions. We therefore formalized several social learning strategies and compared them to the performance of adults and children. We find that children use different strategies than adults. This suggests that the development of social learning may involve the acquisition of cognitive strategies.

Author(s): Falk Lieder and Zi Lin Sim and Jane C. Hu and Thomas L. Griffiths and Fei Xu
Book Title: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
Year: 2015

Department(s): Rationality Enhancement
Bibtex Type: Conference Paper (inproceedings)

Organization: Cognitive Science Society
State: Published
URL: https://cogsci.mindmodeling.org/2015/papers/0240/paper0240.pdf

BibTex

@inproceedings{lieder2015children,
  title = {Children and Adults Differ in their Strategies for Social Learning},
  author = {Lieder, Falk and Sim, Zi Lin and Hu, Jane C. and Griffiths, Thomas L. and Xu, Fei},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society},
  organization = {Cognitive Science Society},
  year = {2015},
  url = {https://cogsci.mindmodeling.org/2015/papers/0240/paper0240.pdf}
}