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2014


Thumb xl publications toc
Series of Multilinked Caterpillar Track-type Climbing Robots

Lee, G., Kim, H., Seo, K., Kim, J., Sitti, M., Seo, T.

Journal of Field Robotics, November 2014 (article)

Abstract
Climbing robots have been widely applied in many industries involving hard to access, dangerous, or hazardous environments to replace human workers. Climbing speed, payload capacity, the ability to overcome obstacles, and wall-to-wall transitioning are significant characteristics of climbing robots. Here, multilinked track wheel-type climbing robots are proposed to enhance these characteristics. The robots have been developed for five years in collaboration with three universities: Seoul National University, Carnegie Mellon University, and Yeungnam University. Four types of robots are presented for different applications with different surface attachment methods and mechanisms: MultiTank for indoor sites, Flexible caterpillar robot (FCR) and Combot for heavy industrial sites, and MultiTrack for high-rise buildings. The method of surface attachment is different for each robot and application, and the characteristics of the joints between links are designed as active or passive according to the requirement of a given robot. Conceptual design, practical design, and control issues of such climbing robot types are reported, and a proper choice of the attachment methods and joint type is essential for the successful multilink track wheel-type climbing robot for different surface materials, robot size, and computational costs.

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DOI [BibTex]

2014


DOI [BibTex]


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Geckogripper: A soft, inflatable robotic gripper using gecko-inspired elastomer micro-fiber adhesives

Song, S., Majidi, C., Sitti, M.

In Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2014), 2014 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on, pages: 4624-4629, September 2014 (inproceedings)

Abstract
This paper proposes GeckoGripper, a novel soft, inflatable gripper based on the controllable adhesion mechanism of gecko-inspired micro-fiber adhesives, to pick-and-place complex and fragile non-planar or planar parts serially or in parallel. Unlike previous fibrillar structures that use peel angle to control the manipulation of parts, we developed an elastomer micro-fiber adhesive that is fabricated on a soft, flexible membrane, increasing the adaptability to non-planar three-dimensional (3D) geometries and controllability in adhesion. The adhesive switching ratio (the ratio between the maximum and minimum adhesive forces) of the developed gripper was measured to be around 204, which is superior to previous works based on peel angle-based release control methods. Adhesion control mechanism based on the stretch of the membrane and superior adaptability to non-planar 3D geometries enable the micro-fibers to pick-and-place various 3D parts as shown in demonstrations.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Segmented molecular design of self-healing proteinaceous materials.

Sariola, V., Pena-Francesch, A., Jung, H., Çetinkaya, M., Pacheco, C., Sitti, M., Demirel, M. C.

Scientific reports, 5, pages: 13482-13482, Nature Publishing Group, July 2014 (article)

Abstract
Hierarchical assembly of self-healing adhesive proteins creates strong and robust structural and interfacial materials, but understanding of the molecular design and structure–property relationships of structural proteins remains unclear. Elucidating this relationship would allow rational design of next generation genetically engineered self-healing structural proteins. Here we report a general self-healing and -assembly strategy based on a multiphase recombinant protein based material. Segmented structure of the protein shows soft glycine- and tyrosine-rich segments with self-healing capability and hard beta-sheet segments. The soft segments are strongly plasticized by water, lowering the self-healing temperature close to body temperature. The hard segments self-assemble into nanoconfined domains to reinforce the material. The healing strength scales sublinearly with contact time, which associates with diffusion and wetting of autohesion. The finding suggests that recombinant structural proteins from heterologous expression have potential as strong and repairable engineering materials.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Bio-Hybrid Cell-Based Actuators for Microsystems

Carlsen, R. W., Sitti, M.

Small, 10(19):3831-3851, June 2014 (article)

Abstract
As we move towards the miniaturization of devices to perform tasks at the nano and microscale, it has become increasingly important to develop new methods for actuation, sensing, and control. Over the past decade, bio-hybrid methods have been investigated as a promising new approach to overcome the challenges of scaling down robotic and other functional devices. These methods integrate biological cells with artificial components and therefore, can take advantage of the intrinsic actuation and sensing functionalities of biological cells. Here, the recent advancements in bio-hybrid actuation are reviewed, and the challenges associated with the design, fabrication, and control of bio-hybrid microsystems are discussed. As a case study, focus is put on the development of bacteria-driven microswimmers, which has been investigated as a targeted drug delivery carrier. Finally, a future outlook for the development of these systems is provided. The continued integration of biological and artificial components is envisioned to enable the performance of tasks at a smaller and smaller scale in the future, leading to the parallel and distributed operation of functional systems at the microscale.

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Fibrillar structures to reduce viscous drag on aerodynamic and hydrodynamic wall surfaces

Castillo, L., Aksak, B., Sitti, M.

March 2014, US Patent App. 14/774,767 (misc)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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The design of microfibers with mushroom-shaped tips for optimal adhesion

Sitti, M., Aksak, B.

February 2014, US Patent App. 14/766,561 (misc)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Rough Terrain Mapping and Navigation using a Continuously Rotating 2D Laser Scanner

Schadler, M., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

Künstliche Intelligenz (KI), 28(2):93-99, Springer, 2014 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Adaptive Tool-Use Strategies for Anthropomorphic Service Robots

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the 14th IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids), 2014 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Dense Real-Time Mapping of Object-Class Semantics from RGB-D Video

Stueckler, J., Waldvogel, B., Schulz, H., Behnke, S.

Journal of Real-Time Image Processing (JRTIP), 10(4):599-609, Springer, 2014 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Local Multi-Resolution Surfel Grids for MAV Motion Estimation and 3D Mapping

Droeschel, D., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the 13th International Conference on Intelligent Autonomous Systems (IAS), 2014 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Multi-Resolution Surfel Maps for Efficient Dense 3D Modeling and Tracking

Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation (JVCI), 25(1):137-147, 2014 (article)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Active Recognition and Manipulation for Mobile Robot Bin Picking

Holz, D., Nieuwenhuisen, M., Droeschel, D., Stueckler, J., Berner, A., Li, J., Klein, R., Behnke, S.

In Gearing Up and Accelerating Cross-fertilization between Academic and Industrial Robotics Research in Europe: Technology Transfer Experiments from the ECHORD Project, pages: 133-153, Springer, 2014 (inbook)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Combining the Strengths of Sparse Interest Point and Dense Image Registration for RGB-D Odometry

Stueckler, J., Gutt, A., Behnke, S.

In Proc. of the Joint 45th International Symposium on Robotics (ISR) and 8th German Conference on Robotics (ROBOTIK), 2014 (inproceedings)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Increasing Flexibility of Mobile Manipulation and Intuitive Human-Robot Interaction in RoboCup@Home

Stueckler, J., Droeschel, D., Gräve, K., Holz, D., Schreiber, M., Topaldou-Kyniazopoulou, A., Schwarz, M., Behnke, S.

In RoboCup 2013, Robot Soccer World Cup XVII, pages: 135-146, Springer, 2014 (inbook)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


Thumb xl publications toccontinuously distributed
Continuously distributed magnetization profile for millimeter-scale elastomeric undulatory swimming

Diller, E., Zhuang, J., Zhan Lum, G., Edwards, M. R., Sitti, M.

Applied Physics Letters, 104(17):174101, AIP, 2014 (article)

Abstract
We have developed a millimeter-scale magnetically driven swimming robot for untethered motion at mid to low Reynolds numbers. The robot is propelled by continuous undulatory deformation, which is enabled by the distributed magnetization profile of a flexible sheet. We demonstrate control of a prototype device and measure deformation and speed as a function of magnetic field strength and frequency. Experimental results are compared with simple magnetoelastic and fluid propulsion models. The presented mechanism provides an efficient remote actuation method at the millimeter scale that may be suitable for further scaling down in size for microrobotics applications in biotechnology and healthcare

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Biopsy using a Magnetic Capsule Endoscope Carrying, Releasing and Retrieving Untethered Micro-Grippers

Yim, S., Gultepe, E., Gracias, D. H., Sitti, M.

IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering, 61(2):513-521, IEEE, 2014 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Investigation of tip current and normal force measured simultaneously during local oxidation of titanium using dual-mode scanning probe microscopy

Ozcan, O., Hu, W., Sitti, M., Bain, J., Ricketts, D.

IET Micro \& Nano Letters, 9(5):332-336, IET, 2014 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Three-dimensional robotic manipulation and transport of micro-scale objects by a magnetically driven capillary micro-gripper

Giltinan, J., Diller, E., Mayda, C., Sitti, M.

In Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2014 IEEE International Conference on, pages: 2077-2082, 2014 (inproceedings)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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SoftCubes: Stretchable and self-assembling three-dimensional soft modular matter

Yim, S., Sitti, M.

The International Journal of Robotics Research, 33(8):1083-1097, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2014 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Bio-Hybrid Cell-Based Actuators for Microsystems

Carlsen, Rika Wright, Sitti, Metin

Small, 10(19):3831-3851, 2014 (article)

Abstract
As we move towards the miniaturization of devices to perform tasks at the nano and microscale, it has become increasingly important to develop new methods for actuation, sensing, and control. Over the past decade, bio-hybrid methods have been investigated as a promising new approach to overcome the challenges of scaling down robotic and other functional devices. These methods integrate biological cells with artificial components and therefore, can take advantage of the intrinsic actuation and sensing functionalities of biological cells. Here, the recent advancements in bio-hybrid actuation are reviewed, and the challenges associated with the design, fabrication, and control of bio-hybrid microsystems are discussed. As a case study, focus is put on the development of bacteria-driven microswimmers, which has been investigated as a targeted drug delivery carrier. Finally, a future outlook for the development of these systems is provided. The continued integration of biological and artificial components is envisioned to enable the performance of tasks at a smaller and smaller scale in the future, leading to the parallel and distributed operation of functional systems at the microscale.

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link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]

link (url) DOI Project Page [BibTex]


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Continuous electrowetting of non-toxic liquid metal for RF applications

Gough, R. C., Morishita, A. M., Dang, J. H., Hu, W., Shiroma, W. A., Ohta, A. T.

IEEE Access, 2, pages: 874-882, IEEE, 2014 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Laser-induced microbubble poration of localized single cells

Fan, Q., Hu, W., Ohta, A. T.

Lab on a Chip, 14(9):1572-1578, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Efficient Dense Registration, Segmentation, and Modeling Methods for RGB-D Environment Perception

Stueckler, J.

Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Bonn, Germany, 2014 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Mobile Teleoperation Interfaces with Adjustable Autonomy for Personal Service Robots

Schwarz, M., Stueckler, J., Behnke, S.

In Proceedings of the 2014 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-robot Interaction, pages: 288-289, HRI ’14, ACM, 2014 (inproceedings)

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link (url) DOI [BibTex]

link (url) DOI [BibTex]


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Schalten der Polarität magnetischer Vortexkerne durch eine Zwei-Frequenzen Anregung und mittels direkter Einkopplung eines Stroms

Sproll, M.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart (und Cuvillier Verlag, Göttingen), Stuttgart, 2014 (phdthesis)

mms

[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Efflorescence upon humidification? X-ray microspectroscopic in situ observation of changes in aerosol microstructure and phase state upon hydration

Pöhlker, C., Saturno, J., Krüger, M. L., Förster, J. D., Weigand, M., Wiedemann, K. T., Bechtel, M., Artaxo, P., Andreae, M. O.

{Geophysical Research Letters}, 41(10):3681-3689, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Investigation of cellular microstructure and enhanced coercivity in sputtered Sm2(CoCuFeZr)17 film

Bhatt, R., Bhatt, P., Schütz, G.

{Journal of Applied Physics}, 115(10), American Institute of Physics, New York, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Detecting magnetic flux distributions in superconductors with polarized x-rays

Stahl, C., Audehm, P., Gräfe, J., Ruoß, S., Weigand, M., Schmidt, M., Treiber, S., Bechtel, M., Goering, E., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

{Physical Review B}, 90(10), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Spatial degradation mapping and component-wise degradation tracking in polymer-fullerene blends

Pedersen, E. B. B., Tromholt, T., Madsen, M. V., Böttiger, A. P. L., Weigand, M., Krebs, F. C., Andreasen, J. W.

{Journal of Materials Chemistry C}, 2(26):5176-5182, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Vortex core reversal due to spin wave interference

Bauer, H. G., Sproll, M., Back, C. H., Woltersdorf, G.

{Physical Review Letters}, 112, American Physical Society, Woodbury, N.Y., 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Increasing the sensor performance using Au modified high temperature superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-delta thin films

Katzer, C., Stahl, C., Michalowski, P., Treiber, S., Westernhausen, M., Schmidl, F., Seidel, P., Schütz, G., Albrecht, J.

In 507, IOP Pub., Genova, Italy, 2014 (inproceedings)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Understanding the adsorption mechanism of noble gases Kr and Xe in CPO-27-Ni, CPO-27-Mg, and ZIF-8

Magdysyuk, O. V., Adams, F., Liermann, H., Spanopoulos, I., Trikalitis, P. N., Hirscher, M., Morris, R. E., Duncan, M. J., McCormick, L. J., Dinnebier, R. E.

{Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics}, 16(43):23908-23914, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, England, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Addressing of Micro-robot Teams and Non-contact Micro-manipulation

Diller, E., Ye, Z., Giltinan, J., Sitti, M.

In Small-Scale Robotics. From Nano-to-Millimeter-Sized Robotic Systems and Applications, pages: 28-38, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014 (incollection)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Staying sticky: contact self-cleaning of gecko-inspired adhesives

Mengüç, Y., Röhrig, M., Abusomwan, U., Hölscher, H., Sitti, M.

Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 11(94):20131205, The Royal Society, 2014 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Dynamic Trapping and Two-Dimensional Transport of Swimming Microorganisms Using a Rotating Magnetic Micro-Robot

Ye, Z., Sitti, M.

Lab on a Chip, 14(13):2177-2182, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]


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STRIDE II: a water strider-inspired miniature robot with circular footpads

Ozcan, O., Wang, H., Taylor, J. D., Sitti, M.

International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 11(6):85, SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2014 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Soft Grippers Using Micro-Fibrillar Adhesives for Transfer Printing

Song, S., Sitti, M.

Advanced Materials, 26(28):4901-4906, 2014 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Liquid-metal reconfigurable RF components and antennas

Dang, J. H., Morishita, A. M., Gough, R. C., Hu, W., Ohta, A. T., Shiroma, W. A.

In Radio Science Meeting (USNC-URSI NRSM), 2014 United States National Committee of URSI National, pages: 1-1, 2014 (inproceedings)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Vortex-Kern-Korrelation in gekoppelten Systemen

Jüllig, P.

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 2014 (phdthesis)

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link (url) [BibTex]

link (url) [BibTex]


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Unidirectional sub-100-ps magnetic vortex core reversal

Noske, M., Gangwar, A., Stoll, H., Kammerer, M., Sproll, M., Dieterle, G., Weigand, M., Fähnle, M., Woltersdorf, G., Back, C. H., Schütz, G.

{Physical Review B}, 90(10), American Physical Society, Woodbury, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Domain wall transformations and hopping in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanostructures imaged with high resolution x-ray magnetic microscopy

Finizio, S., Foerster, M., Krüger, B., Vaz, C. A. F., Miyawaki, T., Mawass, M. A., Pena, L., Méchin, L., Hühn, S., Moshnyaga, V., Büttner, F., Bisig, A., Le Guyader, L., El Moussaoui, S., Valencia, S., Kronast, F., Eisebitt, S., Kläui, M.

{Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter}, 26(45), IOP Publishing, Bristol, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Tunable eigenmodes of coupled magnetic vortex oscillators

Hänze, M., Adolff, C. F., Weigand, M., Meier, G.

{Applied Physics Letters}, 104(18), American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Domain wall pinning in ultra-narrow electromigrated break junctions

Reeve, R. M., Loescher, A., Mawass, M.-A., Hoffmann-Vogel, R., Kläui, M.

{Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter}, 26(47), IOP Publishing, Bristol, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Highly effective hydrogen isotope separation in nanoporous metal-organic framworks with open metal sites: Direct measurement and theoretical analysis

Oh, H., Savchenko, I., Mavrandonakis, A., Heine, T., Hirscher, M.

{ACS Nano}, 8(1):761-770, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Stabilization of the dissipation-free current transport in inhomogeneous MgB2 thin films

Treiber, S., Stahl, C., Schütz, G., Soltan, S., Albrecht, J.

{Physica C}, 506, pages: 1-5, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Thermal conductivity of mechanically joined semiconducting/metal nanomembrane superlattices

Grimm, D., Wilson, R. B., Teshome, B., Gorantla, S., Rümmeli, M. H., Bublat, T., Zallo, E., Li, G., Cahill, D. G., Schmidt, O. G.

{Nano Letters}, 14(5):2387-2393, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2014 (article)

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DOI [BibTex]

DOI [BibTex]


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Can DC motors directly drive flapping wings at high frequency and large wing strokes?

Campolo, D., Azhar, M., Lau, G., Sitti, M.

IEEE/ASME Trans. on Mechatronics, 19(1):109-120, 2014 (article)

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[BibTex]

[BibTex]


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Magnetic steering control of multi-cellular bio-hybrid microswimmers

Carlsen, R. W., Edwards, M. R., Zhuang, J., Pacoret, C., Sitti, M.

Lab on a Chip, 14(19):3850-3859, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Analytical modeling and experimental characterization of chemotaxis in serratia marcescens

Zhuang, J., Wei, G., Carlsen, R. W., Edwards, M. R., Marculescu, R., Bogdan, P., Sitti, M.

Physical Review E, 89(5):052704, American Physical Society, 2014 (article)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]


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Robotic assembly of hydrogels for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine

Tasoglu, S, Diller, E, Guven, S, Sitti, M, Demirci, U

In Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 8, pages: 181-182, 2014 (inproceedings)

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Project Page [BibTex]

Project Page [BibTex]