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Swimming by reciprocal motion at low Reynolds number

2014

Article

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Biological microorganisms swim with flagella and cilia that execute nonreciprocal motions for low Reynolds number (Re) propulsion in viscous fluids. This symmetry requirement is a consequence of Purcell's scallop theorem, which complicates the actuation scheme needed by microswimmers. However, most biomedically important fluids are non-Newtonian where the scallop theorem no longer holds. It should therefore be possible to realize a microswimmer that moves with reciprocal periodic body-shape changes in non-Newtonian fluids. Here we report a symmetric `micro-scallop', a single-hinge microswimmer that can propel in shear thickening and shear thinning (non-Newtonian) fluids by reciprocal motion at low Re. Excellent agreement between our measurements and both numerical and analytical theoretical predictions indicates that the net propulsion is caused by modulation of the fluid viscosity upon varying the shear rate. This reciprocal swimming mechanism opens new possibilities in designing biomedical microdevices that can propel by a simple actuation scheme in non-Newtonian biological fluids.

Max Planck Press Release.

Author(s): Qiu, Tian and Lee, Tung-Chun and Mark, Andrew G. and Morozov, Konstantin I. and Muenster, Raphael and Mierka, Otto and Turek, Stefan and Leshansky, Alexander M. and Fischer, Peer
Journal: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
Volume: 5
Year: 2014

Department(s): Micro, Nano, and Molecular Systems
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6119
Note: Max Planck Press Release.

Links: Video - A Swimming Micro-Scallop
Video - Winner of the Micro-robotic Design Challenge in Hamlyn Symposium on Medical Robotics
Video:
Video:

BibTex

@article{Qiu2014NatComm,
  title = {Swimming by reciprocal motion at low Reynolds number},
  author = {Qiu, Tian and Lee, Tung-Chun and Mark, Andrew G. and Morozov, Konstantin I. and Muenster, Raphael and Mierka, Otto and Turek, Stefan and Leshansky, Alexander M. and Fischer, Peer},
  journal = {NATURE COMMUNICATIONS},
  volume = {5},
  year = {2014},
  note = {Max Planck Press Release.}
}